Equipe d’Accueil : Integrative molecular biology in hematopoiesis and leukemia

Intitulé de l’Unité : Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Marseille

Nom du Responsable de l’Unité : Borg Jean-Paul

Nom du Responsable de l’Équipe : Duprez Estelle

Adresse :  27, Bvd Lei Roure 13273 Marseille Cedex09

Responsable de l’encadrement : Mathilde Poplineau

Tél : 0787347609……  E-mail:  mathilde.poplineau@inserm.fr

Résumé du projet (environ une demi-page)

Research focus of the team

The main scientific objective of the team is to decipher the transcriptional and epigenetic networks involved in the regulation of proliferation versus differentiation of normal or pathological hematopoietic cells. We are interested in the epigenetic mechanisms related to age-related deregulation of hematopoiesis. In parallel, we develop a more applied research in collaboration with the clinicians of the Paoli-Calmettes Institute, using epigenomics and single-cell state-of-the-art techniques for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), in order to improve its management. Altogether, our scientific activity is mainly focused on the following keywords: AML, therapy resistance, hematopoietic stem cell, epigenetics, aging, single cell technologies.

Master 2 project:

Context. Resistance to anti-cancer therapeutics remains one of major obstacles to improving survival rates in cancer; it arises in a multitude of ways including accumulation of epigenetic alterations. Recently, we discovered a new mechanism of treatment resistance that is not fully driven by epigenetic remodeling but nevertheless implies an activity switch of an epigenetic enzyme, EZH2. Despite its well-established activity as part of PRC2 for mediating gene repression by H3K27me3 deposition, new evidence points the importance of others, so-called non-canonical activities. In line with this, we revealed that non-canonical EZH2 activity was associated with therapy resistance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (Poplineau et al., Blood 2022). However, our current knowledge of how and which non-canonical activity of EZH2 participates to this process is still poorly understood. One of our hypotheses is that EZH2 posttranslational modifications (PTMs) would affect EZH2 activity and impact treatment response. By coupling, proteomics, gene editing, epigenomics and transcriptomics approaches using AML cell line resistant to chemotherapy we aim to identify and functionally characterize EZH2 PTMs. We will monitor their repercussion at the chromatin and transcriptional levels and study their impact on therapy response. In parallel, we aim to evaluate, in preclinical models of AML, the therapeutic interest of targeting EZH2 non-canonical activity using an EZH2 PROTAC. We believe that EZH2 degradation will clear the therapy-resistant cells and/or lead to a transcriptomic reprogramming of these cells towards less aggressive cells. We hope to define AML conditions that will benefit the use of EZH2 degrader, opening new therapeutic opportunity for patients with high risk of relapse.

Objectives: The candidate will be in charge to test the transcriptional and epigenetic repercussions (RNA-seq, Cut&Run-seq, Luciferase assays) of several EZH2 mutants generated by CRISPR technology. The candidate will also complement this molecular analysis with functional analyses (cytotoxicity-related experiments): he/she will monitor how such EZH2 mutants may impact drug response.


Dernières Publications en lien avec le projet :

 Poplineau M.Ϯ, Platet N., Mazuel A., Hérault L., N’Guyen, Koide S., Nakajima-Takagi Y, Kuribayashi W., Carbuccia N., L., Vernerey J., Oshima M., Birnbaum D., Iwama A. and Duprez E.Ϯ

Non-canonical EZH2 drives retinoic acid resistance of variant acute promyelocytic leukemias. Blood, 2022 Dec PMID: 35984905

Poplineau M., Vernerey J., Platet N., N’guyen L., Hérault L., Esposito M., Saurin A., Guilouf C., Iwama A., Duprez E PLZF limits enhancer activity during hematopoietic progenitor aging. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 Mar 20 PMID:30892634

Poplineau M.*, Koubi M*. Vernerey J., El-Kaoutari A., Garciaz S., Tiberi G., Andrau J-C., Guillouf C., Saurin A. Duprez E. Regulation of the positive transcriptional effect of PLZF through a non-canonical EZH2 activity. *Authors contributed equally. Nucleic Acids Res. 2018 Apr 20. 46(7):3339-3350. PMID: 29425303

Ce projet s’inscrit-il dans la perspective d’une thèse :

                                                       oui  x                                                              non o

 si oui type de financement prévu : candidature à soumettre à l’ED / et à la Ligue

 Ecole Doctorale de rattachement :  ED62 (Aix-Marseille Université)